-Phasianus - Argusianus - Catreus - Chrysolophus - Crossoptilon - Lophura - Syrmaticus - Lophophorus - Ithaginis - Polyplectron - Pucrasia - Rheinardia - Tragopan
Pheasant is a generic name given to a group of birds belonging to the Phasianidae family and comprising 13 genera, all originating from various areas of the Asian continent.
They rarely enter the forests, because they need to wander in the fields, meadows and fertile plains to meet their vital needs. Some species remain even in the harshest winter in mountain regions, others do not depart from the plains; and everyone can be said to be very fond of their stationary habits. In any case, they do not make real transfers.
Introduced in many temperate places, not all species have been able to adapt to different climates. They are highly bred as farm animals and as ornamental species.
Male and female Colchian pheasant (Sirio Serena, Felice pheasant)
Pheasant male of Lady Amherst Chrysolophus amherstiae (photo Giampiero B.)
Habits and nutrition
With rare exceptions are birds whose males are polygamous and endowed with splendid plumages, with usually long tails, while the females are generally smaller and with brownish plumage, factors that come in handy during the hatching and breeding of offspring. Like most galliformes they are not great fliers and in the face of danger they prefer to run away, taking flight only in case of extreme necessity. The senses of the pheasants are well developed. Among them they live in peace for most of the year, but the time of love, igniting the jealousy of the males, also introduces frequent opportunities for struggle in their relationships. Their diet in nature is composed of vegetables, fruits, sprouts, seeds, moths, insects. and other invertebrates; in captivity while some species have proven to be quite frugal, especially if bred on land, certain species require specific nutrition, called the "pheasant mixture" composed of various types of flour and grains, which contain proteins, vitamins, calcium carbonate, phosphates , fats and sodium chloride essential for their diet.
Male of Venerated Pheasant Syrmaticus reevesii (photo Giampiero B.)
Thanks to Pasquale DAncicco