Origin, classification and history
F.C.I classification: Group 9 - companion dogs.
The Barbone is one of the most popular breeds among the high-ranking, noble and royal families of past centuries. These dogs were adorned with bows and jewels and were considered almost as "ornaments" of the house. In addition to being the favorite dog of many rulers, the Poodle was also the dog of many characters who made history and this proves the great popularity of this breed. Given its qualities of temperament, its singular aspect and its strong intelligence, this breed has been the most used in circuses. There are many disagreements about the origins, since the French would like to attribute the characteristic of autochthonous, which is also the hypothesis most approved by experts; the Germans say instead that it is a native Teutonic Nordic breed. There is also the hypothesis that it originates from the regions of northern Italy. The most reliable hypothesis is that the breed derives from the "Barbet". The breed in the old order of 1896 was called "Italian Poodle". In France, the breed is now called "Caniche," from "canard" that is, "wild duck" that was once hunted by this breed. There are four sizes that are practically identical, except for the size.
Small, mesomorphic dolichocephalic dog. Classified as a morphologically braccoid type. The appearance of the animal is intelligent, constantly alert, active. Its construction is harmonious and gives the impression of elegance and pride. It has a leaping and proud gait. He must never walk with an elongated and sliding step. Well proportioned. The poodle must offer the appearance of a medium-sized poodle as a whole, keeping the same proportions as much as possible and not presenting any appearance of dwarfism. One of the most showy dogs for its appearance, class and refinement. It requires careful grooming.
Brilliant and cheerful temperament dog. Perfect companion dog. It adapts to the needs of the family without any kind of problem. Also very suitable for being with children, especially the smaller size (the dwarf). Dog known for his proverbial loyalty, suitable for learning and being trained, what makes him a particularly pleasant companion dog. In dog shows it is a breed that has won many awards.
Black poodle (photo www.maidum-shamrock.com)
Black Poodle (photo Lorenzo Lazzeri www.maidum-shamrock.com)
Height: above 28 cm, up to 35 cm at the withers.
Weight: varies from 12 to 14 kg.
Trunk: the length of the body exceeds the height at the withers. Normal breast of a medium-sized dog, the end of the sternum must be slightly salient and be located high enough, which helps to give a more erect, easier and more noble bearing. The chest has descended to the height of the elbow, its length is equal to 2/3 of its height. The ribs are oval-shaped, wide in the dorsal part. The back of a harmonious, short line must not be vaulted or saddled. The kidneys are solid and muscular. The belly and hips are retracted without being straightened.
Head and muzzle: distinct, straight, proportionate to the body. Its length must be a little more than 2/5 of the height of the dog at the withers. The skull is well modeled, its width is less than half the length of the head. The craniofacial axes are slightly divergent. The muzzle has a rectilinear upper profile; its length is about 9/10 of that of the skull. The lips are moderately developed. The stop is very little marked.
Truffle: very pronounced and developed, with vertical profile line and open nostrils. It can be black or brown in some cases.
Teeth: complete in development and number. Solids.
Neck: slightly arched gluing after the nape, medium length, well proportioned. No dewlap. It is oval in section, the total length of the neck is less than that of the head.
Skin: soft, not relaxed, pigmented.
Ears: quite long, hanging along the cheeks, attached on the extension of a line that starts above the nose and passes under the outer tip of the eye. They are flat and covered with wavy pels and very long.
Eyes: of ardent expression. Located at the stop and slightly oblique. They have an almond shape. Black, brown, very dark or dark amber in brown subjects.
Limbs: moderately developed withers. Forearm with perfectly straight and parallel limbs, elegant, well muscled, with good bone. The metacarpus is solid, not massive and almost straight seen in profile. The feet are quite small. In the hindquarters, the thighs are well muscled and robust. The legs have developed and very showy muscles.
Pace: jumping and proud.
Shoulder: oblique and muscular. The shoulder blade forms an angle of 90 to 110 degrees with the arm.
Musculature: well developed throughout the body, especially in the hind limbs.
Tail: attached fairly high, at the height of the kidney line. It is raised obliquely in action.
Hair: can occur with curly hair or corded hair. Abundant hair and fine texture, woolly and thick, often.
Allowed colors: black, white, brown, gray, apricot.
Grooming: an exceptionally important aspect for those who want to participate in dog shows. There are two types of grooming: the "lion-like" and the "modern" ones. Both are very laborious and for both you have to waste a lot of time and require a lot of experience to perform them.
Most common defects: muzzle too thin or pointed, nasal cane, eyes too large, ears too narrow, short or soft hair, aggressive character, crawling gait, dog too raised, limbs too straight, lack of premolars, deviated jaw, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, enognatism, curved tail, depigmented truffle, cut out of standard, anurism, prognathism.
curated by Vinattieri Federico - www.difossombrone.it
De Vecchi Edizioni - 2009
Formerly used as a hunting dog, today the bum is used as a companion and show dog. Whether it is large, medium, dwarf or toy, its real value is the character: in fact, its intelligence was judged to be the most acute and lively of all known breeds ...