Forest crops: Bagolaro

Forest crops: Bagolaro

Classification, origin and diffusion

Division: Spermatophyta
Subdivision: Angiospermae
Class: Dicotyledones
Family: Ulmaceae

Native to the Mediterranean Basin, it is widespread from southern Spain to the Caucasus and western Asia. In Italy it is quite common up to 600-700 meters above sea level. It also manages to live in stony soils, where the robust root system penetrates the cracks of the rocks favoring their crumbling: from this derives another vulgar name splitter.

Bagolaro leaves and fruits (photo

Trunk of Bagolaro (website photo)

General characteristics

Size, trunk and bark
It can reach 25 meters in height. Large, globular, dense but light crown, light green. The bark is thin, light gray and smooth.
Deciduous, alternate ovate-lanceolate, with petiole; intense green on the upper page, greyish-green and pubescent on the lower one.
Reproductive structures
Bisexual and unisexual flowers on the same plant, yellowish, solitary or in groups, flowering in May; the fruits are black pedunculate drupes when ripe.


It is widely used in tree-lined avenues, in parks (rapid growth) and in reforestation in stony and difficult soils.
The wood, gray-white in color, is hard and elastic; it is good fuel and gives high quality coal.
A dyeing yellow substance is extracted from the bark, while birds are greedy of the fruits of Bagolaro.

Video: Agroforestry Practices - Forest Farming (January 2022).