Forest crops: Caucasian elm

Forest crops: Caucasian elm

Classification, origin and diffusion

Division: Spermatophyta
Subdivision: Angiospermae
Class: Dicotyledones
Family: Ulmaceae

Originally from the Caucasus and Iran, it was introduced to Europe around the mid-eighteenth century for ornamental purposes.

Caucasus elm - Zelkova carpinifolia (Pall.) K. Koch (photo

Caucasus Elm Leaves - Zelkova carpinifolia (Pall.) K. Koch (photo

General characteristics

Size and bearing
Up to 30 meters high, imposing appearance and dense foliage that almost reaches the ground.
Trunk and bark
The trunk is completely branched a short distance from the base; it is deeply grooved and covered with an opaque, wrinkled, greyish peeling in small irregular plates.
Deciduous, alternate, elliptical leaves, 5-9 cm lubricates, with acute apex and toothed margin.
Reproductive structures
Monoecious plant: male flowers are arranged in sessile, axillary, yellow-greenish glomeruli; the female ones are solitary, axillary, greenish. The fruit is a woody, subglobose, asymmetric, apiculate, 5-8 mm achene.


The yellowish-brown wood is similar to that of the elms, however the shortness of the trunk limits its use. It has no particular pedological needs and also adapts well to urban greenery.

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